Quebec Minimum Wage in 2024

Updated:

Fact Checked

The minimum wage in Quebec is currently $15.25 per hour.

Quebec’s minimum wage differs from all other provinces and varies based on occupation. Your wage will differ if you’re commission-based, a piece worker, or a fruit picker.

The Quebec minimum wage has been increasing yearly since 2004. This article covers the current minimum wage in Quebec, the province’s labour standard rules, taxes, and increases this year.

Minimum Wage in Quebec and Wage History

As of May 1, 2023, Quebec’s current general minimum wage is $15.25 per hour. This is a $1.00 or 7% increase from last year.

Date of IncreaseGeneral Wage RateRate for Tipped Workers
May 1, 2023$15.25$12.20
May 1, 2022$14.25$11.40
May 1, 2021$13.50$10.80
May 1, 2020$13.10$10.45
May 1, 2019$12.50$10.05
May 1, 2018$12.00$9.80
May 1, 2017$11.25$9.45
May 1, 2016$10.75$9.20

Tipped Workers

For tipped workers, the minimum wage is currently $12.20 per hour.

You are considered a tipped employee if your clients give you money on top of your regular salary and if you work in one of the following establishments: a hotel, restaurant, campground, bar, or restaurant that offers a delivery service.

Tipped employees must earn the minimum wage plus tips, which the employer cannot take.

Commission-Based Workers

Commission-based employees must always earn at least the minimum wage for the work they do.

Their commission is calculated as an amount based on the percentage of sales, which can be added to base wages.

They can be paid only on commission, which needs to be at least equivalent to the minimum wage or paid on commission with base wages.

Piece Workers

Piece workers must be paid at least the minimum wage for their work.

A piece worker is someone who is paid an amount for each piece they produce (e.g. an artist or clothing manufacturer). Any difference in wages must be paid.

Strawberry and Raspberry Pickers

As of May 1, 2023, the minimum wage for strawberry pickers is $1.21 per kilogram. For raspberry pickers, the minimum wage is $4.53 per kilogram.

If the state of the field, the fruit, or any conditions beyond the picker’s control lower their output, they must be paid the difference between the minimum wage and the piecework rate.

Quebec Minimum Wage Exceptions and Rules

The minimum wage rules do not apply to certain workers, including:

  • Students working for a community or social non-profit organization
  • An employee hired for a vocational training program recognized by law
  • An employee paid solely on commission for commercial activities outside the workplace and whose working hours cannot be controlled
  • Athletes who participate in a sports team, whose membership is conditional based on how long they are in the academic program
Quebec Minimum Wage

The Act Respecting Labour Standards

Quebec’s Act Respecting Labour Standards sets the standards for the conditions of employment. It covers the standards for minimum wage, overtime, statutory holidays, vacation pay, and more.

Minimum Wage

If an employee works on a trial basis for five hours or more for a potential employer, the employer must pay at least the minimum wage for their work.

If the minimum wage increases and an employee’s wage is less, the employer must raise the pay to at least the minimum wage.

Employees must be paid at regular periods no more than every 16 days, or if they are in a management position, the employer can pay them once a month.

Overtime Pay

For most employees, the normal workweek is 40 hours. Work hours include waiting for work to be assigned, breaks given by the employer, and travel time required by the employer.

Employees are paid overtime only after they’ve worked 40 hours a week, no matter their normal workweek (32, 35, or 40 hours).

As a general rule, employees must be paid 1.5 times the normal hourly wage for every overtime hour.

Vacation Pay

The employer must give vacation pay in one payment before the employee leaves for vacation.

If the employee has worked less than three years of uninterrupted service, they are paid 4% of their gross earnings.

If they’ve worked over three years of uninterrupted service, they are paid 6% of their gross earnings.

Statutory Holidays

For all employees off work on public holidays, the employer must pay 1/20th of wages they earned in the four full weeks before the week of the holiday. It must include tips but not overtime pay.

If employees work on a holiday, they must be paid their normal wage plus the above 1/20th of wages or get a day off at another time (within three weeks before or after the holiday).

Workers who do not benefit from this act include construction workers, managers, and employees working in companies by federal laws (government, banks, radio stations, etc.).

Minimum Wage Tax Rate in Quebec  

The Quebec income tax rates for 2023 are as follows:

  • $49,275 or less: 15%
  • $49,275.01 – $98,540: 20%
  • $98,540.1 – $119,910: 24%
  • $119,910+: 25.75%

In addition to provincial taxes, the federal tax rates in 2023 are:

  • Up to $53,359: 15%
  • $53,360 to $106,717: 20.50%
  • $106,718 to $165,430: 26%
  • $165,431 to $235,675: 29%
  • $235,676 and over: 33%

Related: Federal and Provincial Tax Rates.

Quebec Minimum Wage Deductions

In Quebec, different payroll deductions are calculated by you or your employer. They include:

  • Source deductions of Quebec income tax
  • Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) contributions
  • Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) premiums
  • The employer’s contribution to related labour standards
  • The employer’s contribution to the health services fund
  • The employer’s contribution to the Workforce Skills Development and Recognition Fund (WSDRF)

You can view the complete 2023 Payroll Deduction Table here.

Quebec Minimum Wage Increases

On May 1, 2023, the minimum wage in Quebec increased from $14.25 to $15.25 per hour.

It will likely increase again in May 2024.

Conclusion

Quebec’s minimum wage has increased steadily every year since 2004. It is set to increase in May 2024 and beyond.

If you are a general worker, tip-based, commission-based, or any other type of employee, your minimum wage may vary in Quebec. For example, the minimum wage in Quebec for waiters is $12.20 instead of $15.25 per hour.

Related:

Best Freebies and Deals This Month

Get a $20 bonus + Earn up to 5% cash back and Interest with this FREE Card

Best free* reloadable prepaid card with a $20 signup bonus after your first purchase.

Earn up to 5% unlimited cash back on purchases.

Enjoy 5% savings interest rate on your entire balance (up to 3x more than the big banks).

Guaranteed approval card, free unlimited transactions, & budgeting app.

Add on credit-building and get free monthly Equifax credit score checks.

Get affordable life insurance in minutes & save up to 20% on premiums!

Compare life insurance costs across Canada's best insurance companies.

Save up to 20% and get $10,000 in free coverage per child.

Get coverage up to $5 million with terms ranging from 10 to 30 years.

30-day grace period if you miss a payment & you can cancel anytime.

Get the prepaid card that pays interest and unlimited cash back

One of the best no-fee prepaid debit cards in Canada.

Get 0.50% unlimited cash back on all purchases.

Earn 4.00% interest on your entire balance.

No ATM withdrawal fees and no FX fees when you spend abroad.

Author

Gravatar for Enoch Omololu, MSc (Econ)
Enoch Omololu, MSc (Econ)

Enoch Omololu, personal finance expert, author, and founder of Savvy New Canadians, has written about money matters for over 10 years. Enoch has an MSc (Econ) degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School and has completed the Canadian Securities Course. His expertise has been highlighted in major publications like Forbes, Globe and Mail, Business Insider, CBC News, Toronto Star, Financial Post, CTV News, TD Direct Investing, Canadian Securities Exchange, and many others. Enoch is passionate about helping others win with their finances and recently created a practical investing course for beginners. You can read his full author bio.

About Savvy New Canadians

Savvy New Canadians is one of Canada's top personal finance platforms. Millions of Canadians use our site each year to learn how to save for retirement, invest smartly, maximize rewards, and earn extra cash. We have been featured in prominent finance media, including Forbes, Globe and Mail, Business Insider, CBC, MSN, Wealthsimple, and TD Direct Investing. Learn more about Savvy New Canadians.

Free financial education

Expert advice

Free resources

Detailed guides

Leave a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.