iShares XGD ETF Review 2022: Invest in Gold Stocks

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by Enoch Omololu

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Exchange-Traded Funds or ETFs like the iShares S&P/TSX Global Gold Fund ETF (XGD) make it easier for investors to diversify their portfolios with lower management fees.

These fees are often referred to as the MER or Management Expense Ratio and are much lower in ETFs than in traditional mutual funds.

These can definitely help save costs and increase gains in the long run.

Canadian investors can buy XGD through any Canadian brokerage but especially discount brokerages like Wealthsimple or Questrade.

This review of XGD will cover its holdings, performance, fees, pros and cons, and compare it to some other ETFs in the same industry.

What is XGD?

XGD was established in March of 2001 and trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange. It is designed to track gold mining companies across North America and around the world.

If you have been looking to add some exposure to the gold industry to your portfolio, then XGD is an excellent choice for a Canadian ETF.

XGD is an ETF that is invested 100% in stocks. You will likely want to add other assets to your portfolio aside from XGD.

Since XGD only tracks the gold industry, it received a risk rating of high from iShares.

Here are some key facts for XGD as of April 2022:

  • Inception date: March 23, 2001
  • Number of stocks: 48
  • Price/Earnings Ratio: 26.59x
  • Price/Book Ratio: 2.31x
  • Management fee: 0,55%
  • MER: 0.61%
  • Assets under management: $1.4 billion
  • 12-month trailing yield: 0.95%
  • Distribution yield: 1.15%
  • Distribution frequency: Semi-Annual according to the iShares page
  • Eligible accounts: RRSP, TFSA, RRIF, TFSA, DPSP, RDSP
  • Currency: CAD
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XGD Holdings

XGD is an all-stock portfolio which makes it slightly higher volatility than ETFs with bonds or other assets aside from equities.

As of April 2022, XGD is invested in stocks from around the world with a major focus on Canada and the US.

Here are the top ten holdings in XGD:

Ticker SymbolStock NameAllocation
NEMNewmont22.23%
ABXBarrick Gold Corp14.74%
FNVFranco Nevada Corp10.51%
AEMAgnico Eagle Mines LTD9.84%
WPMWheaton Precious Metals Corp7.60%
GFIGold FIelds ADR Representing LTD4.48%
AUAnglogold Ashanti ADR REPTG LTD3.25%
RGLDRoyal Gold Inc3.13%
KKinross Gold Corp2.65%
YRIYamana Gold Inc1.96%


XGD also has the following geographical exposure. Although it is called a global gold index, XGD stock holdings are primarily from the US and Canada.

Country/RegionAllocation
Canada64.41%
United States25.91%
South Africa8.73%
Other0.86%

XGD Returns and Performance

The iShares website provides the recent and historical performance of the XGD ETF. Over the short term, XGD has had better performance than it has since its inception.

Here are the average annual returns from XGD:

YearAverage Annual Return
1 Year24.11%
3 Years22.33%
5 Years11.65%
10 Years1.01%
Since Inception6.22%

And here is the performance of XGD on a cumulative basis since its inception.

Time PeriodCumulative Return
Year to Date19.96%
1 Month10.92%
3 Months19.96%
6 Months33.15%
1 Year24.11%
3 years83.04%
5 years73.35%
10 years10.56%
Since Inception255.20%

The high risk rating is justified with XGD as it is clear how volatile a single-sector ETF can be from year to year.

XGD Fees

XGD has a management fee of 0.55% and an MER of 0.61%. This is much cheaper than a traditional Canadian mutual fund.

However, in terms of ETFs, XGD’s fees are fairly high. Especially when you consider a lot of Canadian ETFs trade for below 0.10%.

Buying XGD on a big bank brokerage can result in a ton of transaction fees.

Save on fees by buying XGD at a discount brokerage like Questrade or Wealthsimple Trade.

Pros and Cons of iShares XGD

XGD allows Canadian investors to add the gold industry to their portfolios. XGD also provides exposure to US, South African, and other international stocks without foreign exchange fees.

This is a Canadian ETF that is easy to buy at any brokerage in the country. It does have some relatively high fees which will cut into long-term gains and profit.

The risk is high with XGD as sector ETFs put all of their eggs into a single basket.

XGD vs HEP

HEP or Horizons Enhanced Income Gold Producers ETF was established in April of 2011.

HEP holds many of the same top holdings from XGD. HEP has less of a focus on US stocks and has 7.99% of its allocation to gold companies in the United Kingdom.

HEP has a management fee of 0.65% and an MER of 0.79%, making XGD a cheaper choice in terms of fees.

Interestingly, HEP is a covered call ETF. This means Horizons will actively sell covered calls on the stocks it holds to mitigate downside risk.

XGD vs GDX

GDX or the Vaneck Gold Miners ETF was established in May of 2006.

GDX holds very similar stocks to XGD and HEP, although it provides exposure to a number of additional regional markets. Australia is the third highest allocation in the ETF.

GDX trades on the NYSEARCA index in the US so Canadian investors will need to pay foreign exchange fees if your brokerage charges them.

It has a management fee of 0.50% and an MER of 0.51% which make it slightly cheaper than XGD.

XGD vs CGL

CGL or the iShares Gold Bullion ETF was established in May of 2009 and trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

CGL allows Canadian investors to have exposure to gold bullion. CGL is hedged to the Canadian dollar to avoid foreign currency fluctuations.

The fund holds zero stocks and is 100% exposed to gold bullion contracts.

The management fee for CGL is 0.50% and the MER is 0.55%. Since there are no stocks in this ETF, there is no dividend or distribution paid to shareholders.

How to Buy the iShares XGD ETF in Canada

If you are using a big bank brokerage then you are in for some much higher trading fees. That’s why Canadian investors should take a look at Questrade and Wealthsimple Trade.

Questrade is a popular online brokerage for Canadian investors. Questrade offers commission-free ETF buying, but selling comes with a charge of $4.95 per transaction.

This platform supports several products including ETFs, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, options, currencies, and more.

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Wealthsimple Trade is a digital-first company that is popular amongst younger Canadians. It offers commission-free trading for stocks and ETFs.

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QTrade is yet another popular discount brokerage in Canada. It offers a list of about 100 Canadian ETFs that fall under zero-commission trading. Unfortunately, as of now, XGD is not one of the ETFs on the list.

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Is XGD a Good Buy?

This depends on how much you want to diversify your portfolio by adding exposure to the volatile gold industry.

If you are looking for a gold ETF that mostly holds Canadian and US gold miners, then XGD is the fund for you.

Compared to other ETFs, the XGD MER is recently high at 0.61%. It also pays a fairly low dividend on a semi-annual basis which means only twice per year.

XGD is a good investment for Canadian investors who simply want to diversify into a commodities market that has been performing well over the past couple of years.

XGD Review FAQs

Is XGD a good investment? 

XGD’s cumulative performance speaks for itself as it has returned over 255% since its inception. But this is only a 6.22% average annual return which lags major benchmarks like the S&P 500 index. Canadian investors will enjoy the reasonable MER fees and exposure to international markets.

Is XGD Hedged?

No, XGD is not a hedged ETF. Although it does hold a small amount of CAD and USD currencies, XGD is not explicitly a hedged ETF.

Does XGD Pay Dividends?

Yes, XGD does pay a distribution to its shareholders. While the iShares page for XGD says dividends are paid out on a semi-annual basis, it seems that most sites have it as a quarterly dividend. Currently, the XGD dividend has an annual yield of 1.15%.

Does BMO Have a Gold ETF?

BMO Global Asset Management has several gold ETFs it offers to Canadian investors. The most popular gold ETF from BMO is the ZGD BMO Equal Weight Global Gold Index ETF. ZGD holds 33 different gold stocks from all over the world. The largest allocation is 59.67% to Canadian gold companies. 

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Author

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Enoch Omololu

Enoch Omololu is a personal finance expert and a veterinarian. He has a master’s degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School (Scotland) and has completed several courses and certificates in finance, including the Canadian Securities Course. He also has an MSc. in Agricultural Economics from the University of Manitoba and a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from the University of Ibadan. Enoch has a passion for helping others win with their personal finances and has been writing about money matters for over a decade. He has been featured or quoted in The Globe and Mail, Winnipeg Free Press, Wealthsimple, Financial Post, Toronto Star, CTV News, Canadian Securities Exchange, Credit Canada, National Post, CIBC, and many other personal finance publications.

His top investment tools include Wealthsimple and Questrade. He earns cash back on purchases using KOHO, monitors his credit score for free using Borrowell, and earns interest on savings through EQ Bank.

2 thoughts on “iShares XGD ETF Review 2022: Invest in Gold Stocks”

  1. Excellent review, thanks Enoch!

    I have held this ETF for about 10 years as just under 5% of my overall portfolio.

    Steve

    • @Steve: Thanks for your feedback!

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