I recently opened a US Dollar account in Canada to accept the US currency payments I get from my blogging business. Over the last year, I initially experimented with accepting U.S. funds through PayPal. When I needed to pay for services in USD and they had PayPal as an option, it was easy to make direct payments in USD and save on the 2.5% foreign transaction fee that would otherwise be charged by my credit cards.
However, there was a problem with accessing the U.S. funds for use elsewhere. When I transferred the money from PayPal to my Canadian chequing account, it was automatically converted to Canadian dollars at an exchange rate that was ridiculous at best.
So, I started looking at the various options available to me:
- Open a U.S. Dollar Bank account (chequing or savings) in Canada. This would make it easy to receive and keep USD. I would not need to convert U.S. Dollars to CAD unless required, and then I could exchange my money utilizing third-party FX companies with friendlier exchange rates.
- Get a U.S. Dollar Credit Card. This would save me on the 2.5% or more in foreign currency conversion fees when I have to pay in USD. However, these usually come with a hefty annual fee. Alternatively, I could also use a no-FX markup no-annual fee Canadian credit card and only worry about the exchange rate set by Visa or Mastercard.
- Open a U.S. Dollar Bank account at a U.S. Bank. This option would make it easy to transfer USD from PayPal without incurring losses due to the exchange rate. With a U.S. address, a U.S. dollar account at a bank resident in the U.S. also makes it easier to conduct some transactions, particularly if you are a Canadian snowbird who lives part of the year in the U.S., owns a property in the U.S., or who often needs to write U.S. dollar cheques.
Best U.S. Dollar Accounts in Canada
I finally went with a USD account at a Canadian bank. These were the Canadian banks I researched before making a choice and they offer U.S. denominated accounts that have different pros and cons. The U.S. dollar chequing and savings accounts did not appear to be much different as some offered to pay interest on your balances and transaction fees applied subject to certain conditions.
1. TD Canada Trust US Dollar Accounts
TD Bank offers two U.S. dollar accounts:
TD U.S. Daily Interest Chequing Account: This account has no monthly account fee and pays interest on balances of $1,000 or more. There is a transaction fee of $1.25, however, you pay no transaction fees if you keep a minimum of $1,500 balance in your account at the end of the month.
TD Borderless Plan: This account comes with a monthly $4.95 USD fee and unlimited free transactions. If your balance at month’s end is $3,000 or more, the monthly fee is waived. The interest rate paid on both account ranges from 0.00% to 0.10% depending on your balance.
You can also pair these accounts with the TD U.S. Dollar Visa Card which comes with a $39 U.S. annual fee (this fee is waived if you open a Borderless Plan account).
TD U.S. bank accounts can easily be opened online or in-branch.
2. Royal Bank of Canada US Dollar Accounts
RBC has two main U.S. dollar accounts:
RBC U.S. Personal Account: Comes with a $2 monthly account fee that includes 6 free debit transactions per month and $1.60 per transaction after. Personalized cheques, bank drafts, and overdraft protection are available at a fee. There is no minimum balance requirement.
RBC U.S. High-Interest Savings Account: This account has no monthly fees and comes with 1 free transaction per month. Thereafter, a $3.00 fee applies per transaction. Cheques are not allowed. You can earn up to 0.25% interest on your account balance.
You can open either of these accounts online or by going into an RBC branch. They can also be paired with RBC’s U.S. dollar credit card i.e. the U.S. Dollar Visa Gold at a $65 annual fee.
3. Bank of Montreal US Dollar Accounts
BMO has two main U.S. dollar accounts:
BMO U.S. Dollar Chequing Account: The cost of this account depends on whether you already pay monthly fees on any other BMO account. If so, this U.S. chequing account has a $0 monthly fee. The minimum account fee at BMO is $4 and comes with 12 free transactions across all your accounts. A $1.25 fee applies to any transactions exceeding 12 free ones.
BMO U.S. Dollar Savings Account: You earn 0.05% on your balance. This account is similar to their U.S. chequing in that there is no monthly fee if you already own another BMO account. The minimum monthly fee payable across all your accounts is $4 and comes with 12 free transactions and $1.25 per transactions after.
Seniors over age 60 do not pay the $4 monthly fee.
4. CIBC US Dollar Account
CIBC offers only one U.S. account:
CIBC US$ Personal Account: It offers a 0.25% interest rate on your balance (no minimum requirement) and has no monthly account fees. However, you pay 0.75 USD for all transactions. This account allows you to write U.S. dollar cheques and withdraw USD from any CIBC branch or their U.S. currency ATMs in Canada.
You can combine this account with the CIBC U.S. Dollar Aventura Gold Visa card which has a $35 annual fee. Accounts can be opened online or by stepping into one of their branches.
5. National Bank of Canada US Dollar Account
They offer only one USD account:
USD Progress Account: There is no monthly fee and you earn 0.10% interest on account balances of $5,000 or more and 0.15% on balances exceeding $10,000. There is a transaction fee of $1.50 USD for withdrawals and transfers. This fee is waived if you have a minimum balance of $2,500.
A $2 USD fee is applicable for automated bill payments. Personalized cheques, bank drafts, and overdraft protection are also available at a fee. To open an account, you will need to visit a branch unless you already have another account with the bank.
6. Scotiabank US Dollar Account
Similar to the National Bank, Scotiabank offers only one U.S.account:
Scotia U.S. Dollar Daily Interest Account: This account comes with a $1 monthly fee and you get 2 free debit transactions per month and $1.25 per transactions after. The monthly is waived if you keep a $200 USD minimum balance or if you are a senior who is age 60 or over.
The interest rate earned on your balance depends on your account balance (tiered) and is up to 0.15%. You can open an account in person or by phone at 1-800-747-3208.
7. Tangerine US Dollar Account
Tangerine US Dollar Savings Account: This account has no monthly fee and offers a 0.80% interest rate on all balances and with no minimum balance requirement. You also get free unlimited transactions.
To open an account, check in at one of their pop-up locations, cafes, or kiosks. Alternatively, you can simply open it online.
Which U.S. Dollar Account Did I Choose?
I ended up choosing the TD USD Daily Interest Chequing Account because:
- Has no monthly fees.
- Pays interest on balances of $1,000 or more.
- It waives the $1.25 transaction fee with a minimum balance of $1,500 which is a reasonable amount for my intended use.
- I have other accounts with TD and opening a USD account online via their EasyWeb platform took me about 2-3 minutes.
I am still deciding on whether I need a U.S. dollar credit card and if to go with one of the cards on my list of no-foreign transaction fee cards or to choose the TD U.S. Dollar Visa card. If I choose the latter, I will switch my TD USD account to their Borderless Plan so I can waive the $39 annual fee on the credit card.
USD Accounts in Canada vs. USD Accounts in the United States
When I was researching how to decrease my U.S. Dollar exposure to unfavourable exchange rates, one of the options I looked at was opening an account at a U.S. based bank.
Some of the big Canadian banks like CIBC, TD, and RBC have divisions/branches in the U.S. that allow for ‘seamless’ cross-border banking.
CIBC Bank USA
CIBC Bank USA Smart Account: It automatically links to your Canadian CIBC Online Banking profile. You get a CIBC Bank USA debit card, can write USD checks, pay bills in U.S. dollars to U.S. billers, have free access to multiple ATMs in the States, and can receive U.S. payroll deposits. You do not need a U.S. address or SSN to open an account.
RBC Bank USA
Similar to CIBC, the U.S. based branches of RBC allow Canadians to open an account without needing to have a U.S. address or SSN. Your U.S. account syncs with RBC Online Banking and gives you access to over 50,000 free ATMs in the U.S. RBC’s cross-border offering include:
Direct Banking: Annual fee of $39.50 or $3.95 per month. You get 10 free debits per month and $1.00 per transaction after.
Premium Checking: $99.95 annual fee (or $9.95 per month) and unlimited transactions.
TD Convenience Checking
This account has a $15 monthly fee which can be waived if you keep a minimum daily balance of $100.
BMO Harris US
You can open the following accounts: Smart Money Account, Smart Advantage Account, and Premier Account.
Opening a USD account located in the U.S. comes with a few advantages and disadvantages.
- Easier to pay your bills in the U.S.
- You can build a U.S. credit history
- Save on foreign transaction costs
- Easily transfer U.S. PayPal funds to your account
- Opening an account can be cumbersome
- You can’t conveniently go into the branch if you need to while in Canada
- Interest earned on your account may trigger taxes payable in the U.S.
- One more additional bank account and headache to deal with
An Additional USD Account Option For Canadians
One other US Dollar account available to Canadians is through Transferwise.
I came across the company’s Borderless Account while looking for low-fee USD options and it looks really interesting. When you open an account with Transferwise Borderless account, you can receive money from multiple countries with zero fees. You get a:
- US account number and routing number
- British account number and sort code
- European IBAN
- Australian account number and BSB code, and
- New Zealand account number
You can hold over 40 different currencies in your borderless account and switch between them as required to send, get paid, spend money, and to avoid having to pay FX fees. The account also gives you access to a real mid-market exchange rate that significantly beats what your bank offers.
While I ended up choosing TD for my USD banking needs, the $0 monthly account fees offered by Transferwise are worth checking out.