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Best Lithium Stocks in Canada To Watch in Apr 2024

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Lithium is an elemental metal that is in high demand for the production of goods like rechargeable batteries and electric vehicles.

While you cannot directly invest in Lithium as a commodity, you can buy stocks of Lithium producers and suppliers.

The global shift in the automotive industry towards electrified vehicles has resulted in the price of lithium surging by more than 400% over the past couple of years.

The good news is that lithium is an abundant material, so companies that operate in the industry won’t have to worry about the world running out anytime soon.

Canadian investors looking to add exposure to the top Lithium stocks can buy them through Canadian discount brokerages to save on commission fees.

In this article, I will discuss the best Lithium stocks to buy in Canada for 2024.

Best Lithium Stocks to Buy in Canada

Here are the 10 best Lithium stocks in Canada.

Lithium Americas Corp (TSE:LAC)

Lithium Americas Corp is a Vancouver-based mining company that mines lithium-bearing spodumene and pegmatite ores at various projects in the United States and Argentina.

The stock is dual-listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange under the same ticker symbol, LAC.

This company has a market cap of $4.29 billion as of March 2023, with a healthy balance sheet of nearly $400 million in cash.

The largest single shareholder of LAC stock is Chinese Lithium company Ganfeng Lithium, one of the leading suppliers of Lithium to EV maker Tesla.

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Sigma Lithium Corp (NASDAQ:SGML)

Sigma Lithium Corp is a Vancouver-based producer of battery-grade Lithium that operates primarily out of Brazil.

Its stock is dual-listed on both the NASDAQ exchange and the Canadian Venture Exchange, where it trades under the same ticker symbol of SGML.

The company pioneered the process of environmentally friendly high purity Lithium production.

It partners with some of the largest brands in the world, including a direct partnership with LG Energy Solution. They provide Lithium to EV brands like Stellantis, Volkswagen, General Motors, Porsche, Audi, and Fiat.

Frontier Lithium Inc (CVE: FL)

Frontier Lithium is an Ontario-based company that has the largest land and resource position for Lithium in the Great Lakes region. 

Its primary goal is to produce battery-grade Lithium-hydroxide and Lithium salts for electric vehicles and energy storage. 

The stock is listed on the TSX Venture Exchange, the OTC Markets, and the Borse Frankfurt in Germany. 

Frontier’s primary project is positioned near several automaker manufacturing plants, including Honda, General Motors, and Stellantis. 

Allkem Limited (TSE:AKE)

Allkem is an Australian-based Lithium producer founded in 2005 and trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

The company has an impressive portfolio of projects that are already in operation, with at least five more in development to be completed by 2025.

These projects are located across multiple markets, including Australia, Argentina, Japan, and Canada.

It is one of many Lithium producers to see sustained growth due to the emergence of the global EV sector.

E3 Lithium Ltd (CVE: ETL)

E3 Lithium is a Calgary-based Lithium company that was established in 1998 that is looking to get involved in the electric revolution that is currently underway. 

The company utilizes its DLE or Direct Lithium Extraction technology which obtains a greater than 90% recovery which increases the concentration and decreases impurities by 98%.

It partnered with Imperial Oil which made it the first global energy leader to invest in a Lithium company. 

Albemarle Corporation (NYSE:ALB)

Albemarle is a North Carolina-based chemical manufacturing company that trades on the US-domiciled New York Stock Exchange.

This is one of the more well-known Lithium companies, with the metal making up nearly 45% of net sales. It operates in over 75 different countries and, at one point, was the largest Lithium provider to EV manufacturers for batteries.

The company supplies Lithium to EV makers like Tesla and several other prominent automakers worldwide.

It is now planning to build a massive Lithium processing facility in the United States, which will supply over 100,000 tonnes of Lithium on an annual basis.

Albemarle has considerable cash flow and has raised its dividend for the 28th consecutive year, with a current annualized dividend yield of 0.74%.

Text that reads “Best Lithium Stocks in Canada” above an image of a battery and charging symbol

Livent Corp (NYSE:LTHM)

Livent is a Philadelphia-based Lithium producer that was established in 2018. The stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange in US Dollars.

The company sources its Lithium from mines in Canada and Argentina, with a strong manufacturing footprint in both the US and China.

It burst onto the Lithium scene with a partnership with Tesla back in 2020. It has since added other global automakers like BMW and chemical producers like LG Chem.

Livent has significant experience in non-EV battery uses for Lithium. These include things like high-performance greases and lubricants, polymers, and alloys.

Piedmont Lithium (NASDAQ:PLL)

Piedmont Lithium is a Lithium producer that is based in North Carolina and is dual-listed on both the NASDAQ exchange and the Australian Stock Exchange.

It operates several mining projects across the United States, Canada, and Ghana, which produce over 500,000 tonnes of Lithium per year.

The company is another supplier of Lithium for EV maker Tesla. Piedmont supplies Tesla’s US GigaFactories, as well as other domestic automakers.

Piedmont is also developing facilities that can create up to 60,000 tonnes per year in the US to further aid the domestic energy transition.

American Lithium Corporation (CVE:LI)

Despite the company’s name, American Lithium Corporation is based in Vancouver, BC and trades on the Canadian Venture Exchange. The company also trades on the OTC markets in the US and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in Germany.

It operates Lithium projects in Nevada, USA, and two in the South American country of Peru.

The stock is a component of the TSX Venture 50 and is rated the top mining stock on the Canadian Venture Exchange.

The company’s Nevada TLC Project is located near Tesla’s Nevada GigaFactory, indicating a potential future partnership with the EV industry leader.

Brunswick Exploration (CVE: BRW)

Brunswick Exploration is a Montreal-based metals miner that uses advanced and cutting-edge technology to find new deposits of Lithium. 

It uses technologies like satellite imagery and XRF multi-element geochemistry to search for Lithium across various regions of Canada. 

The company is focused on being a vital player in the global push toward renewable energy and electrification. 

What Are Lithium Stocks?

Investors can buy stocks in a variety of different Lithium companies. Most Lithium stocks are for companies that produce Lithium from ore extracted from mines.

Much of the recent demand for Lithium has been driven by the emergence of the electric vehicle industry. Companies like Tesla, Ford, and General Motors have created a major demand for Lithium as it is essential in producing these vehicles.

Other uses for Lithium include Lithium-ion batteries, medical technology devices like pacemakers, Lithium lubricants, and heat-resistant glass.

The Government of Canada has set an ambitious goal of having at least 20 percent of new vehicles sold by 2026 and 60 percent by 2030 be electric vehicles. This means the demand for Lithium will be locked in for the foreseeable future.

In terms of Lithium production, Canada ranks among the ten largest producers in the world. The top producers are Chile, Australia, Argentina, and China.

How to Buy Lithium Stocks in 2024

Investors looking to gain exposure to Lithium and buy the best Canadian Lithium stocks can easily do so on any of Canada’s discount brokerages. Here are a few of my favourite discount brokerages for Canadian investors.

Questrade

Questrade is Canada’s oldest discount brokerage and one of the most trusted names in the Canadian financial industry.

This platform has several investment options, including free purchase orders for ETFs. Stock investors can buy shares for as little as $0.01 per share in an order with a minimum of $4.95.

Questrade

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Qtrade

Qtrade is widely known amongst Canadian investors for its exceptional customer service, competitive fees, and zero-commission trading for select ETFs.

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Are Lithium Stocks a Good Investment?

Lithium is a crucial component of one of the world’s largest secular trends: the shift to the electrification of the automotive industry.

One positive for the industry is that Lithium is not a rare metal. Although demand and the price of Lithium have skyrocketed, it’s not due to a short supply.

Companies that operate in Lithium mining are in high demand, as partnerships with manufacturers and chemical producers are pushing up annual revenue growth.

That being said, it is not advisable to put all of your eggs in one basket. Add Lithium stocks to your diversified portfolio, but do not have them as your only holdings.

Many lithium companies do not pay dividends, unlike other commodity-based stocks like gold miners.

At the end of the day, investing in Lithium stocks is your choice. Remember to always do your own investment research. This article is not meant to be financial advice but rather to provide you with an introduction to investing in Lithium stocks.

Downsides of Investing in Lithium Stocks

The biggest downside to investing in Lithium stocks is that they have already surged over the past few years, so returns from here might be limited.

Technology is always changing. The Lithium industry relies heavily on electric vehicles. If another type of battery is created, it could be detrimental to Lithium stocks.

As with other commodities, Lithium stocks are heavily tied to the price of the underlying metal. If there is ever a decline in demand, Lithium is far too abundant of a mineral to sustain a high price.

Is there a Lithium ETF?

Yes, there is just one pure-play Lithium-based ETF. It is called the Global X Lithium & Battery Tech ETF, and it trades on the US-domiciled NYSEARCA exchange under the ticker symbol LIT.

This ETF has an inception date of June 2010 and has an MER of 0.75%.

It holds 39 global Lithium and Battery stocks, including Piedmont Lithium, Allkem, and Livent. It also holds related stocks like Tesla, LG Chem, and Ganfeng Lithium. The three largest holdings are Albemarle Corp, Eve Energy, and Chinese EV maker BYD.

Since its inception, LIT has had an average annual return of 6.72% and a cumulative return of 124.71% to its shareholders.

Conclusion

If you are a believer in the long-term survival of the electric vehicle industry, then it makes sense to add some exposure to the Lithium industry.

Lithium is a critical component of EV batteries, and it is a long list of other industrial products.

Most lithium stocks are from producers who extract metal from mined ore.

Investors can buy the best Lithium stocks in Canada through any discount brokerage like Wealthsimple Trade, Questrade, or Qtrade.

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FAQs

What is the biggest Lithium company in Canada?

Sigma Lithium is one of the largest producers of Lithium by volume and by market capitalization. While most of its operations are in Brazil, Sigma is headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia and is dual-listed on the NASDAQ and the Canadian Venture Exchange.

Who makes Lithium batteries in Canada?

Several manufacturers have Canadian operations to build electric and non-electric vehicles for the Canadian market.
Aside from that, there are smaller energy companies like StromVolt and MoliCell, but most are not publicly traded.

Is there a Lithium mine in Canada?

Yes. There are several deposits where Lithium can be extracted, with several more in the process of being developed. Some Lithium deposits around Canada include Quebec’s Nemaska Lithium mine, the Leduc Aquifer in Alberta, and the upcoming James Bay Lithium Mine Project in Ontario.

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Editorial Disclaimer: The investing information provided here is for informational purposes only and is not intended as individual investment advice or recommendation to invest in any specific security or investment product. Investors should always conduct their own independent research before making investment decisions or executing investment strategies. Savvy New Canadians does not offer advisory or brokerage services. Note that past investment performance does not guarantee future returns.

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Gravatar for Enoch Omololu, MSc (Econ)
Enoch Omololu, MSc (Econ)

Enoch Omololu, personal finance expert, author, and founder of Savvy New Canadians, has written about money matters for over 10 years. Enoch has an MSc (Econ) degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School and has completed the Canadian Securities Course. His expertise has been highlighted in major publications like Forbes, Globe and Mail, Business Insider, CBC News, Toronto Star, Financial Post, CTV News, TD Direct Investing, Canadian Securities Exchange, and many others. Enoch is passionate about helping others win with their finances and recently created a practical investing course for beginners. You can read his full author bio.

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